The digestive tract of a cow is home to a diverse population of bacteria and microbes representing about 2,000 different species.There are good guys. There are bad guys. And there are the guys who can cause trouble if the situation is right.Todd Callaway, assistant professor in the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) Department of Animal and Dairy Science, has spent his career trying to determine how all these microbes interact with each other and the animal. Ultimately, his work contributes to the health of livestock and the safety of the food supply.Callaway received both this bachelor’s and master’s degrees from UGA before attending Cornell University for his doctoral work. He spent 17 years working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service, where he investigated ways to keep livestock and poultry healthier to keep our food supply safe.“I’ve spent my career working on interventions that reduce the chance of Salmonella and E. coli contamination in meat and poultry by controlling these bacteria in livestock preharvest,” said Callaway, who is also an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Poultry Science and at the UGA Center for Food Safety in Griffin, Georgia. Working at the intersection of nutrition and microbiology, Callaway makes sure that what farmers feed their livestock and poultry contributes to good gut integrity and gut health. Protecting the balance of bacteria in the digestive tract protects the supply of beef and chicken from being contaminated with E. coli or Salmonella after the animals go to slaughter, he said.Researchers have known for more than two decades that the microbial population of livestock animals plays a crucial role in their health and in food safety. But they still don’t have a clear picture of how everything works together.Our digestive tracts are an ecosystem, like a forest or swamp, rather than a somewhat closed and controlled environment, like a zoo or an aquarium.These systems are a lot more complex than a holding pen for germs, he said.“A lot of the microbiome work out there on people and on animals is like taking a class photo of all of the microbes in the intestines,” Callaway said. “It really only tells you who was in class on the day of the picture — it doesn’t tell you anything about how they all behave together.”That’s the next frontier for microbiome work, Callaway said, and it’s what he and his colleagues in nutrition and microbiology are focused on.Currently, Callaway and his postdoctoral student Jeferson Lourenco are working with the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Athens, Georgia, on a project comparing the microbiomes of free-range chickens to those who are raised in traditional broiler houses. The birds eat different foods and have different exposure to antibiotics, but Callaway isn’t finding the differences one might expect.“We found some differences but nothing to hang your hat on,” he said.Why is that? That’s the question today’s researchers are trying to tackle.“We have to start moving past that class-picture view,” he said, “If we can start putting things together like grades, after-school clubs and what they did outside of school, then we can start to understand the impact these bacteria may be having on each other and on the animal’s health.”Right now, because the cost of running genetic profiles on an entire population of microbes has come down substantially, there are more microbiome “cures” on the market for livestock without much evidence of effectiveness.“When you have a hammer, everything in the world is a nail,” Callaway said. “Right now we have people running around doing microbiome studies, but we don’t have the biology to back up a lot of it. We still don’t know exactly how all of the parts work together.”For more information on Callaway’s work at UGA, visit ads.caes.uga.edu/people/faculty/todd-callaway.html.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Renew Economy:Australia’s booming rooftop solar market is on track to add a record 2,000MW (2GW) of capacity in 2019, as electricity prices refuse to budge and state government rebates make solar self-generation more accessible than ever.A new report from Green Energy Markets says 480MW of small-scale rooftop solar capacity has already been installed in the first quarter of this year, confirming previous analysis that it eclipses the total from the same time last year by a massive 46 per cent, and delivering two-and-a-half times the Q1 average of the past four years.At this rate, says Green Energy Markets’ Tristan Edis, new additions of rooftop solar would, by 2022, deliver more than enough new generation capacity to replace Liddell Power Station – the New South Wales coal power plant that is due to retire by that date.At the large-scale end of the market, GEM’s Edis details a massive 8,123MW of projects under construction across the country at the end of March, including 4,592MW of wind farms and 3,471MW of large-scale solar.As at the end of March, renewables made up almost 20 per cent – 19.7% – of the electricity generated on Australia’s main grids, enough to power 9.5 million homes.More: Rooftop solar to add 2,000MW in 2019, another Liddell by 2022 Utility-scale and residential rooftop solar installations are booming in Australia
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A masked robber armed with a machete held up an ice cream store about 20 minutes after he unsuccessfully tried to stick up a doughnut shop about five miles away, Nassau County police said.The machete-wielding robber demanded money from the clerks at Dunkin Donuts on Merrick Road in Seaford, but the victims told the assailant that there was no money and the suspect fled empty handed at 9:12 p.m. Wednesday, police said.Then, at 9:43 p.m., a robber with a similar description who was armed with a machete demanded money from a clerk at the Carvel on Northwest Drive in South Farmingdale, police said. The victim handed about $40 from his tip jar to the robber, who then fled the scene, police said.In the first case, the suspect was described as 5’7” tall, wearing a black hat, dark-colored jacket, blue jeans, black and white sneakers and black gloves. In the second case, the suspect was described as wearing a dark gray jacket, a black ski hat, white sneakers and a dark gray scarf covering his face.Detectives request anyone with information regarding this incident to call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-244-TIPS. All callers will remain anonymous.
“We are incredibly proud of our new Refined Living concept and designs,” Mr Bell said.“They have been 12 months in the making and showcase the latest on-trend designs that harness the way Queenslanders love to live.” Ausbuild has launched new home designs to coincide with the announcement of their new Element community at Griffen.Demand for new house and land near North Lakes has seen 11 lots already sell in an estate that was launched to the market just two weeks ago.Ausbuild’s latest offering Element at Griffen will bring 56 lots in the first stage, with civil construction starting earlier this week.Ausbuild joint managing director Matthew Bell said the company knew there was pent up demand for this style of development on Brisbane’s northside but, even so, had been surprised by the flurry of sales. >>FOLLOW EMILY BLACK ON FACEBOOK<< More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus16 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market16 hours agoOne of Ausbuildls new home designs.“Element is perfectly positioned to take in all that the North Lakes region has to offer,” Mr Bell said.“It is located next door to Griffin State School and is within easy reach of the North Lakes shopping and entertainment precinct.“We believe Element will follow a similar pattern of sales to the estates we have created in Bridgeman Downs and Albany Creek which have been very successful.“To me this shows if you build the right estate, in the right environment, it creates an appreciation of quality and a desire for people to want to be part of that community.”Along with the launch of the new community, Ausbuild has also announced their new Refined Living house range.
Babies using a bottle for too long can be consuming too many caloriesBabies who are bottle-fed until the age of two are more likely to be obese when they start school, a US study suggests.Writing in the Journal of Pediatrics, researchers found that children who were still regular bottle users at 24 months were 30% more likely to be obese aged five-and-a-half.They analysed data from nearly 7,000 children across the United States.Experts say bottle-feeding can make babies consume too many calories.The research found 22% of the two-year-olds studied were using a bottle as their main drink container, or were put to bed with a bottle containing a calorie-filled drink.Nearly a quarter of this group were found to be obese aged five, compared with 16% of children who had not been using a bottle at the age of two.Too many caloriesThe study authors, from universities in Ohio and Philadelphia, calculated the odds of obesity for children using a bottle at 24 months as 1.33 times higher than the odds for children not using a bottle.They suggest that parents should be encouraged to stop using a bottle by the child’s first birthday because of the risk of over-feeding.“Prolonged bottle use may lead to the child consuming excess calories, particularly when parents are using the bottle to comfort the child rather than to address the child’s hunger or nutritional needs,” the study paper says.Study co-author Rachel Gooze, from the Centre for Obesity Research and Education at Temple University in Philadelphia, explained: “A 24-month-old girl of average weight and height who is put to bed with an eight-ounce bottle of whole milk would receive approximately 12% of her daily caloric needs from that bottle.”The parents’ charity NCT (National Childbirth Trust) advises that babies should stop using a bottle and change to a cup before 12 months.The Royal College of Midwives agrees. Their professional policy advsior Janet Fyle says that the practices of nutrition in the family determine whether a child is still using a bottle at two years old.“If the child is continuing to use a bottle then the mother may be tempted to put something else in it like a sugary drink or rusk with milk. Then the child gets used to sweet things in their diet,” she said.“Babies should be introduced to a cup or beeker from six months and off a bottle completely by one year.”BBC News 15 Views no discussions HealthLifestyle Prolonged bottle-feeding ‘increases obesity risk’ by: – May 5, 2011 Share Share Share Tweet Sharing is caring!
Stop Lying, Joao Felix only said “Corner taken sharply”— Oreo of Lagos (@HeisLauren) January 9, 2020 Loading… Joao Felix squared up to Lionel Messi in a furious on-pitch bust up – with fans joking the Portuguese youngster wound him up by saying “Cristiano Ronaldo is better”. The pair clashed at the end of a feisty first-half in the Spanish Super Cup game between Atletico Madrid and Barcelona in Saudi Arabia. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Felix and Messi exchanged verbals, got up in each other’s face and even gave a little bit of a shove in the fiery game in the Middle East – won 3-2 by Atleti. Jordi Alba, Luis Suarez and Stefan Savic were also involved in a brawl as tempers flared. The spat was ignited with the first-half seconds away from being over and the score locked at 0-0 – with Felix taking exception to being poked in the face by Alba. Felix lashed out at the Barcelona left-back, swiping his arm away – before Messi menacingly approached him. Despite going head-to-head with a legend of world football, £113million man Felix stood his ground and even gave the Argentine superstar a little push for his troubles. As things threatened to get out of hand, Atletico defender Renan Lodi intervened, guiding Messi towards the changing rooms. But the scrap appeared to light a fire under both teams as they played out a thrilling second-half. Koke gave Atletico the lead within the first minutes of the second half, before goals from Messi and Antoine Griezmann put Barca 2-1 just after the hour-mark. Former Chelsea flop Alvaro Morata scored an 81st-minute penalty to level the scores – before Angel Correa sealed a superb victory for Los Rojiblancos with four minutes to play. But fans on Twitter were more focused on the bust-up between Messi and Felix – and what may or may not have been said – than the game itself. One speculated: “Joao Felix: ‘Cristiano Ronaldo is better than you.’ “Leo Messi: ‘I dare you to say that again, I dare you!’” Another joked: “Joao Felix: ‘I have more international trophies than you.’” Read Also: Spanish Super Cup: Messi blames Barca teammates of childish mistakes in semi-final defeat A third even poked fun of Barcelona’s dramatic Champions League loss to Liverpool last season – where the Spaniards threw away a three-goal first-leg lead. Taking the mick out of Barca conceding from Trent Alexander-Arnold’s quick piece of thinking, they said: “Stop Lying, Joao Felix only said ‘Corner taken quickly’.” Promoted Content6 Best Movie Cars You Could Own But Probably Can’t AffordWhy Do So Many Digital Assistants Have Feminine Names & Voices?Who’s The Best Car Manufacturer Of All Time?8 Shows That Overstayed Their WelcomeCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way7 Of The Wealthiest Universities In The WorldWhat Women Find The Most Attractive In Men From The 60-sYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of Anime10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoThailand’s 10 Most Iconic Landmarks8 Weird Facts About Coffee That Will Surprise You7 Mysterious Discoveries Archaeologists Still Can’t Explain
Latest Posts Bio Town report wins award – October 11, 2014 Latest posts by Fenceviewer Staff (see all) VASSALBORO — The Mount Desert Island High School golf team placed 11th overall in the Maine Class B team state championship at the Natanis Golf Club in Oct. In the 18-hole competition, the Trojans accumulated 385 strokes.York High School won the Class B division with 311 strokes, followed by Maranacook High School with 324 strokes and Yarmouth High School with 332 strokes.There were 13 teams in the MDI division. MDI beat out Foxcroft Academy, and Oak Hill High School.For more sports news, pick up a copy of the Mount Desert Islander. Fenceviewer Staff Fitness trainer is now cancer-exercise expert – October 12, 2014 Schoodic Grange hosting sale – October 30, 2014 This is placeholder textThis is placeholder text
AUSTRALIA have recalled opening batsman Cameron Bancroft to their 17-man squad for the Ashes series against England.It is the first time Bancroft, 26, has been named in an Australia squad since a nine-month ban for his role in the ball-tampering scandal.Former captain Steve Smith and opener David Warner are set to play their first Test since year-long bans for their part in the scandal.The first Test in the five-match series starts on August 1 at Edgbaston.Chairman of selectors, Trevor Hohns, told BBC Radio 5 live he had spoken to Warner, Bancroft and Smith about the hostile reception they may receive at Edgbaston.“When it was their turn, I reiterated what to expect. They’ll be prepared and they’ll have good support around them,” he said.“They know what to expect. I’m sure the crowd will try to get under their skin, but it was only common sense that we included them.“They have served their time and it would be nice if everyone could just get on with it and let them play the game.”Tim Paine will captain Australia, with Matthew Wade recalled as back-up wicketkeeper, but Alex Carey, who impressed during the recent World Cup, misses out.The tourists have named a very strong pace attack including Patrick Cummins, Josh Hazlewood, Michael Neser, James Pattinson and Mitchell Starc, while Essex seamer Peter Siddle, 34, could appear in his sixth Ashes series.Pattinson, 29, is set to make his first Test appearance since 2016 following a series of injuries.Smith, 30, and Warner, 32, both returned to international cricket during the recent World Cup after their suspensions ended in March.Smith remains banned from leading Australia for another year, while former vice-captain Warner will not be considered for any team leadership positions in the future.Bancroft was caught on camera putting a piece of sandpaper down his trousers during the third Test against South Africa in March 2018 and subsequently lied that it was a piece of yellow tape.He returned from his ban in December and was appointed captain by Durham for their County Championship and One-Day cup campaigns this season.The Western Australian has scored 726 runs, including two centuries, at an average of 45.38 in nine Division Two matches this year and hit 93 not out in an a warm-up match between two Australia sides in Southampton on Thursday.It will be between Bancroft and Marcus Harris to open alongside Warner, with Joe Burns having been left out.Off-spinner Nathan Lyon is the only frontline spinner selected, with all-rounder Marnus Labuschagne, who has scored 1 100 Championship runs for Glamorgan this season, providing another option with his leg-spin.Pat Cummins and Travis Head will continue as joint vice-captains of the Test side.“We probably do think we’ve a chance at the moment – I’m very aware of the record, of having not won a series here since 2001,” Hohns added.“It would be something if we can pull it off.”Australia Ashes squad: Tim Paine (capt), Cameron Bancroft, Patrick Cummins, Marcus Harris, Josh Hazlewood, Travis Head, Usman Khawaja, Marnus Labuschagne, Nathan Lyon, Mitchell Marsh, Michael Neser, James Pattinson, Peter Siddle, Steven Smith, Mitchell Starc, Matthew Wade, David Warner.Ashes schedule (all Tests start at 11:00hrs BST)AUGUST1-5: 1st Test, Edgbaston14-18: 2nd Test, Lord’s22-26: 3rd Test, HeadingleySEPTEMBER4-8: 4th Test, Old Trafford12-16: 5th Test, The Oval
USC Program Board hosted a diversity debate among the presidential candidates on Tuesday to foster student discussion and awareness of various diversity issues on campus. The debate included questions from Program Board assemblies.The presidential tickets, Rini Sampath and Jordan Fowler, and Providence Ilisevich and Ehren Elder, participated in the debate.Program Board assemblies, Asian Pacific American Student Assembly, Black Student Assembly, Environmental Student Assembly, Queer and Ally Student Assembly, International Student Assembly and Academic-Culture Student Assembly, as well as individuals representing the Student Coalition of Labor Exploitation, students of low socio-economic status and Disability Services and Programs, submitted questions about diversity issues of interest to them while Co-Directors of Diversity Affairs, Levi Powell and Skylar Dunn moderated the debate.Many of the Program Board assemblies based their questions on specific programs the candidates plan to implement. These programs focus on creating stronger inclusion of minority groups on campus.Sampath and Fowler expressed the need for more direct dialogue between Program Board groups and the administration.Their platform is to provide gender-neutral bathrooms for LGBT students, cultural spaces for different ethnic groups on campus and an integration program that pairs international students with a Los Angeles native for a smoother transition into the USC community.Sampath discussed the importance of not only having a diverse campus but also creating an inclusive environment which utilizes that diversity to benefit the university.“USC can boost the most vibrant international student assembly and we can say we have the highest number of diverse students here,” Sampath said. “We can provide all these statistics to back up those declarations but, in all honestly it’s not a diverse campus if students don’t feel included in the conversation, if they don’t feel empowered and if they don’t feel they are accepted and understood. “Ilisevich and Elder want to meet with student leaders and their respective organizations on a personal level and provide better methods of inclusion starting as early as orientation.“Diversity and accepting diversity is about understanding, appreciation and respect,” Ilisevich said. “Different experiences students have give them a value on this campus and we want them to feel that value.”This was the third annual diversity debate, providing candidates with an opportunity to specifically address programs they feel are most important in terms of diversity.USG feels the debate is necessary as candidates are representing the entire student body and many students expressed interest in knowing what the candidates plan to do to advocate for their specific groups.Associate Director of Elections and Recruitment Kandace London has been working with Program Board to put on a smooth event as this election is already considered to be one of the most competitive in years.“If you’re not from a particular race, ethnicity, sexual orientation or even gender you may not be aware of certain things because those are not the daily struggles that you face,” London said. “Regardless of whoever will win or lose, people are seeing that the candidates want to be engaged in campus and they want to make a change.”Voting begins Feb. 10 and ends Feb. 12 at 8 p.m.Voting can be conducted online or at any of the following locations: Tommy Trojan, Parkside IRC, Leavey Library, Lyon Center, Finger Fountain, Engineering Quad and Cultural Centers.
Former Super Eagles manager, Sunday Oliseh has taken time to explain some of the reasons why there are “few” African coaches in charge of European teams.43-year-old Oliseh, who resigned as Super Eagles coach barely eight months into his reign due to alleged breach of contract, is currently the head coach of Dutch second tier side Fortuna Sittard.Speaking to John Bennett of the BBC, Oliseh said: “There is a lot of responsibility because I fell I have to do well, It’s like a door opener for others who might come after,”“At least now we have a reference point because it was one of the problems I had when I was stepping in as a coach, I had no precedence,”Sunday Oliseh is one of only 3 African head coaches in European club football.I’ve been to meet him for @BBC_WF.https://t.co/tR9RH7ICnd pic.twitter.com/2JnXk8wbsz— John Bennett (@JohnBennettBBC) September 14, 2017“I can also understand why there are so many few of us, because of the fact that we also have to improve our own knowledge and our own presence in the game,”“It will be nice to have some Africans pick up the coaching courses and the UEFA badges because without that they will let you coach in Europe.” he concluded.The former Juventus, Borussia Dortmund, and Ajax midfielder is currently the only head coach from sub-Saharan Africa at a professional football club in Europe.Video Credit: Twitter.com – John BennettRelatedFortuna Sittard Vow To Take Legal Actions Against Oliseh As Dutch Club Deny ‘Illegal Practices’ AccusationFebruary 15, 2018In “Europe””I Will Never Abandon My Motherland” – Sunday Oliseh Backtracks After Fierce Backlash Over Vow Never To Coach Eagles AgainApril 16, 2020In “Featured”Sunday Oliseh: This Is The Time To Beat ArgentinaJune 25, 2018In “National Team”