Michael Jordan (R) of the Chicago Bulls is guarded by Jeff Hornacek of the Utah Jazz 03 June 1998 in game one of the NBA Finals at the Delta Center in Salt Lake City, UT. AFP PHOTO/Jeff HAYNES / AFP PHOTO / JEFF HAYNESMichael Jordan may have put this pair to rest before he won he won his sixth ring, but the Air Jordan 13 is still one of the brand’s most iconic silhouette.And the same black-red colorway His Airness wore during the 1998 Playoffs, and a few games into the 1998 Finals against the Utah Jazz, is set for another retro release.ADVERTISEMENT 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano View comments Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ Affectionately called “Breds” as a contraction of “black and red,” the shoe (P9,445) will be released on August 19 with Titan serving as the Philippines’ main distributor.The colorway last released on December 1, 2013—a good nine years after its second going back in 2004.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’ Vilma Santos, Luis Manzano warn public of fake account posing as her Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Albay to send off disaster response team to Batangas End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend MOST READ Teen gunned down in Masbate 9-man Chelsea loses 3-2 to Burnley to open EPL title defense Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano LATEST STORIES 2 nabbed in Bicol drug stings Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ai-Ai delas Alas on Jiro Manio: ‘Sana pinahalagahan niya ang naitulong ko’
PRIZE#32 – Elisabeth JutzelerNintendo Wii Value $500 PRIZE#23 – Leanne LoganLINKS Membership Value $698 PRIZE#29 – Cindy MohrPalm Treo Phone Value $469 PRIZE#40 – Winifred CrookGarmin GPS Value $324 PRIZE#67 – Ed HalcroIPod Nano Value $160 PRIZE#73 – Melody Emarson$150 Cash PRIZE#60 – Helene BerdonDigital Camera Value $249 PRIZE#26 – Dianne LetendrePalm Treo Phone Value $469 PRIZE#65 – Lori RayIPod Nano Value $160 PRIZE#55 – Palma VasarhelynDigital Camera Value $249 PRIZE#83 – Patty Neuner$100 CashThis is an unofficial winners list. If there are any discrepancies between this list and the one kept by the Fort St. John Rotary Club, the list of the Fort St. John Rotary Club will be correct. If you any questions about the lottery and your prize call 250-785-1972 and leave a message. Congratulations to all the winners in this years lottery. 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The proceeds will benefit non profit groups in Northeastern BC. If your name is listed below you will be contacted by a member of the Fort St. John Rotary Club, they will tell you when and where to pick up your prize. If you do not recieve a call or if you have any questions you can call the Rotary Office and leave a message, 250-785-1972.Winners of the 2008 Rotary Mega Lottery- Advertisement -PRIZE #1 – AJ (Ted) Maisonneuve2009 Chevrolet Avalanche 4′ x 4′OR 2009 Honda Ridgeline EXL SROR 2008 Ford F150 4X4 Lariat Super CrewOR $40,000 CASHPRIZE#2 – Peter KingAdvertisement PRIZE#46 – Joe OllenbergerTorwood Gift Certificates Value $422 PRIZE#35 – Susan FyfeGarmin GPS Value $324 PRIZE#72 – Hugh Sewell$150 Cash PRIZE#50 – R. 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“I didn’t get my teammates involved like I should have,” Westbrook said. “There were some backdoors that I got beat on. I feel like it’s my fault. I should have come out and stepped up, and I didn’t step up like I should.” Westbrook finished 1 of 11 from the floor before fouling out with 9.9 seconds remaining. He had four points, fourassists and was charged with three turnovers. “(Collison) wasn’t even using his left hand at all when he was warming up,” UCLA coach Ben Howland said. “When you’re out there and you’re not trying to use your left hand at all, then you’re obviously not ready to play. “I made a decision to keep him out and be conservative, and to err on the side of caution. It put Russell in a tough situation, on the road.” MORGANTOWN, W.Va. – Russell Westbrook was propped against a wall beneath the stands at West Virginia Coliseum. Perspiration dotted his forward, anguish covered his face, but his eyes remained as wide as a deer in the headlights on nearby Interstate 79. His first career start began poorly, with a couple of turnovers, and ended horrifically. With point guard Darren Collison out with a shoulder injury, the neophyte Westbrook played a career-high 32 minutes, and they did not go well. When it was done, No. 2 UCLA’s late-season foray into nonconference play ended without success, and the Bruins saw a third student body celebrate at midcourt as West Virginia survived a second-half UCLA rally to win 70-65 in front of a sellout crowd of 14,160 Saturday. UCLA scored a season-low 22 points in the first half, shot 38.7 percent from the field and committed 15 turnovers, matching its third-most this season. When Westbrook wasn’t playing, leading scorer Arron Afflalo ran the point. All along, the impact of Collison remaining on the bench was felt. “With players out, especially a player like Darren, other people have to function and take pride in stepping up to that role and making plays for us,” Afflalo said. “This is not a team that can rely on one person. We need everybody to win, and if everybody is not participating, we don’t win.” UCLA (21-3) likely didn’t hurt its NCAA Tournament seeding with a road loss at a tough venue, especially if the selection committee takes into consideration Collison did not play, and starting center Lorenzo Mata sat the second half with a hip injury. Both players’ availability for Thursday’s contest at Arizona State is undetermined. Meanwhile, the win solidified West Virginia’s NCAA stature. The Mountaineers (19-5), who play in the Big East, now have a signature win on their r sum . They lost to Howland’s former team, No. 7 Pittsburgh, 60-47 Wednesday. “There’s been a few times when we’ve had top-ranked teams come in here, and we almost got there,” WVU coach John Beilein said. “That’s the big thing here.” Afflalo matched a career-high with 27 points, including 22 in the second half, but it wasn’t enough for UCLA to cover up a stretch which bridged the twohalves and lasted 9 minutes, 15 seconds, . Alex Ruoff, who got loose from Westbrook on several occasions for easy baskets, led the Mountaineers with 18 points. Frank Young scored 14 points, and Da’Sean Butler came off the bench to score 13. “They did a good job. They beat us fair and square,” Howland said. “Their style of play is very difficult to prepare for and defend. This is obviously a long way to come to get beat.” The long flight back to LosAngeles allowed the Bruins to lament the absence of Collison, how they lost their poise while falling behind 47-28 with 14:15 to play, why the Mountaineers were able to grab 11offensive rebounds (they had two against Pitt), and go a bit out of character to cut through UCLA’s defense and attempt more two-point shots (37) than 3-pointers (24). Even when UCLA used a 15-0 run – highlighted by 3-pointers from Josh Shipp and Michael Roll and a conventional 3-point play from Shipp to pull within 47-43 with 9:19 to play, the Mountaineers went back to what they did best. Guard Darris Nichols used his speed to get around UCLA’s interior defense for a left-handed layup, and Ruoff made the most of West Virginia’s offensive rebound with a 3-pointer from the right corner to make it 52-43. “Some of the guys (experienced) a little anxiety, a little bit myself, but I’m the guy who is supposed to help the guys relax a little bit,” Afflalo said. “I’m one of the more experienced guys about there. “We did a good job responding and bouncing back a little bit, but again, every time we get behind in our three losses, we do a good job of responding. But we’re not getting over the hump. So, all in all, the responses mean nothing.” in which they went without a field goal firstname.lastname@example.org (818) 713-3607160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
SANTA CLARITA – Local property owners who nixed an earlier measure might soon have a say again about paying an annual fee so the city can buy raw land to create a green woodland around the valley. On Tuesday, the Santa Clarita City Council approved a plan to draft a measure to form a special assessment district with the goal of saving some open space from development. “This is a very simple district – very straightforward,” said Councilwoman Laurene Weste, who has long championed the concept. The wording of the measure would be finalized in late April after an engineer’s report is released, but the guiding principles are a $25-a-year assessment for the owners of single-family homes, no more than a $1-a-year adjustment, a term of 30 years and a mandate to buy and conserve undeveloped land. For homeowners, that amounts to a total of $1,185 over the 30 years. The engineer’s report would define the areas to be protected, expected costs, what property owners would pay and the formula used to apportion their costs. It is not yet known how much would be charged to larger landowners for commercial or industrial parcels or whether parkland will make up some percentage of the purchases in the “undeveloped land preservation district.” Municipalities create special benefit assessment districts to pay for amenities, charging those who directly benefit. They are not hemmed in by provisions of Proposition13, the 1979 property tax control law. In November 2005, the city’s proposed $25-a-year special assessment was soundly defeated. “No” votes were largely cast by mobile home park owners, apartment building owners, large landowners and utility companies. Valencia property owners were the most supportive, followed in order by Newhall, Saugus and Canyon Country. The flat-rate fixed-term assessment could be used to borrow $23.4million right away, and the $1-a-year increase would support a $34.6million bond issue. City officials said they hope the certainty about costs will assure public buy-in, assuaging voters who were iffy about supporting the prior plan whose potential annual cost-of living increases were tied to the fluctuating Consumer Price Index and could have been assessed in perpetuity. “We found in polling, people are comfortable in knowing the (costs,)” said Weste, who reiterated the risk of not acting before rugged properties are scooped up by developers. She remarked on how a concerted effort preserved Whitney Canyon, which was earmarked for a 900-home tract. Three local environmental groups submitted suggestions to the city. While the council’s support was unanimous, Mayor Marsha McLean voiced concern that property owners could balk at any increase, no matter the amount. “I’m opposed to a $1 raise every year,” she said. “I think (an increase) is what sunk us before and will sink us again.” Weste noted many of the large landowners are absentee owners, and are difficult to reach. The council plans to take up the issue again April10. email@example.com (661) 257-5255160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Brinkley has been taking representatives from private industry in the United States and elsewhere to Iraq to encourage them to do business in the country. One company has agreed to buy 120 trucks from the transport company and another is expected to buy clothing from the textile factory that Brinkley said could be on American shelves by fall. Brinkley declined to identify the companies, saying they are still negotiating. After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, occupation officials of the U.S.-led Coalition Provisional Authority decided to do nothing with the government-owned factories, hoping they would quickly be taken over by the private sector. Privatization never happened as violence gripped the country and disrupted the economy. Brinkley said the program will reopen private as well as government factories. WASHINGTON – In an Iraq jobs program, the Pentagon has helped reopen three factories shuttered after the 2003 invasion, seeding the ground by buying uniforms and armored vehicles for its Iraqi allies from two of them. Reopening state-owned factories that produced everything from cement to buses for Saddam Hussein’s regime is among efforts President George W. Bush hopes will boost the economy and help salvage a violent Iraq. His strategy of increasing troops there to try to calm violence is meant to buy the Iraqi government time to move forward on political reconciliation and reconstruction. In a program started nearly a year ago, the Defense Department has reopened a large textile factory in Najaf by buying uniforms for Iraqi soldiers and police that the U.S. has been training and has reopened a vehicle factory south of Baghdad by buying armored vehicles, said Paul Brinkley, deputy undersecretary of defense in charge of Pentagon business modernization efforts. He has been running the program. Officials helped find other customers for the third restarted factory, in Ramadi, which makes ceramic products. Military commanders have long seen employment as one of the keys to slowing the violence. The idea of restarting factories differs from some previous reconstruction efforts that have had limited success in that it is aimed at providing long-term employment for factory workers as opposed to short-term jobs with individual rebuilding projects. Of some 200 large factories that made up Iraq’s former industrial base, Brinkley said the Pentagon believes 140 are potentially viable and has identified ways to get 56 of them running again, possibly this year. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
8. Middlesbrough: 9 points – P5 W2 D3 L0 24 2. Birmingham City: 12 points – P5 W4 D0 L1 20. Reading: 4 points (above Ipswich Town on goal difference) – P5 W1 D1 L3 24 24 1. Aston Villa: 13 points – P5 W4 D1 L0 – Steve Bruce’s side will be the early pace setters, according to the Super Computer. 24 13. Nottingham Forest: 7 points (above Bolton on goal difference) – P5 W2 D1 L2 24. Queens Park Rangers: 1 point – Click the right arrow, above, to see how the Championship table could look after five games – Played: 5 Won: 0 Drawn: 1 Lost: 4 24 23. Bristol City: 1 point (ahead of QPR on goal difference) – P5 W0 D1 L4 19. Burton Albion: 5 points – P5 W1 D2 L2 24 12. Cardiff City: 7 points (above Nottingham Forest and Bolton on goal difference) – P5 W2 D1 L2 15. Millwall: 6 points – P5 W2 D0 L3 24 17. Preston North End: 5 points (above Barnsley and Burton on goal difference) – P5 W1 D2 L2 5. Leeds United: 10 points (above Sheffield Wednesday and Brentford on goal difference) – P5 W3 D1 L1 24 24 6. Sheffield Wednesday: 10 points (above Brentford on goal difference) – P5 W3 D1 L1 7. Brentford: 10 points – P5 W3 D1 L1 24 24 24 24 24 24 The Championship fixtures for 2017/18 have been announced and, here at talkSPORT, we cannot wait to get the season started.Kick-off may still be around two months away, but it does not stop supporters from dreaming about how their side will start the campaign.READ MORE: EFL Championship fixtures 2017-18 in full: Every team, every matchThe first game you look for is usually the season opener, followed by the final match, as well as the derby clashes home and away, plus meetings with the newly-promoted sides.Another thing is the first month or so of fixtures – how your side’s start could determine the way the whole season pans out, whether it could see them pushing for the automatic spots, a battle for a play-off place or scraping for points and playing catch up near the bottom.Well, no fear – talkSPORT has done the hard work for you.READ MORE: talkSPORT becomes the new home of the English Football LeagueWe have fed the data into the super computer, assessing the opening five rounds of the second tier, with predicted rankings. Bear in mind plenty can change between now and the start of the season, as the transfer window opens and managers sort out squads.According to our system, Sunderland will feel the full force of a late managerial appointment, play-off finalists Reading will have a slow start while Harry Redknapp will have his Birmingham side well prepared.Of course, the standings above have been collated just for fun – it is interesting to speculate, but as we all know, football has a funny way of turning expectations on their head.Click the right arrow, above, to see how the Championship table might look after five games and comment with your predictions below…talkSPORT and talkSPORT 2 have exclusive radio rights to the Sky Bet EFL Championship, League One and League Two for the next three seasons.The talkSPORT network will be the only place to hear 110 regular season EFL matches as well as the play-off semi-finals and finals – read more here. 9. Hull City: 8 points – P5 W2 D2 L1 21. Ipswich Town: 4 points – P5 W1 D1 L3 24 24 18. Barnsley: 5 points (above Burton Albion on goal difference) – P5 W1 D2 L2 10. Norwich City: 7 points (above Sheffield United, Cardiff, Nottingham Forest and Bolton on goal difference) – P5 W2 D1 L2 14. Bolton Wanderers: 7 points – P5 W2 D1 L2 24 24 24 16. Wolverhampton Wanderers: 5 points (above Barnsley, Burton and Preston on goal difference) – P5 W1 D2 L2 4. Derby County: 11 points – P5 W3 D2 L0 24 11. Sheffield United: 7 points (above Cardiff, Nottingham Forest and Bolton on goal difference) – P5 W2 D1 L2 3. Fulham: 11 points (above Derby on goal difference) – P5 W3 D2 L0 24 24 24 22. Sunderland: 2 points – P5 W0 D2 L3
Naomh Colmcille GAA NotesGAA National Club Draw. The GAA has launched a National Club Draw as a fundraiser for local clubs, with the draw taking place on 27 February 2015. Prizes are being provided by GAA Central Council. The proceeds from all tickets sold by Naomh Colmcille will go directly to Naomh Colmcille, and will be used towards the club’s 2015 yearly expenditure.First prize is a trip with the 2015 All-Stars. Full details available on www.gaa.ie/nationalclubdraw2015.In addition, the County Board are putting up county also putting up prizes (1 x €1000, 2 x €500, 5 x €100) so local winners are guaranteed.Tickets priced €10 each are now available from Alison Ferry, Paul Callaghan, Adrian Marsh, or any committee member.A players meeting for the senior panel will take place on Thursday 15th at 7:30 pm. Training resumes on Monday 19th with Ulster league fixtures on the first weekend in February. New players welcome. The club Constitution is now available to view on the website. The SGM will now be held on Wednesday 28th January at 8:00 pm in the clubhouse. Anyone with any amendments must have them in writing to the Secretary 14 days prior to the meeting. The only amendment changes dealt with on the night will be the ones that have been received in writing.Any person currently coaching or intending to coach any age group are asked to make an effort to attend a coaching course this year. Courses run from the end of January up to March. Everyone must have a minimum of the Foundation and child protection courses. Please let Barry O’Hagan or Gerard McFadden know if you will participate by the end of next week.The club is now registered for the Lucozade ‘Kit Out’ promotion. Codes are printed on promotional bottles under the plastic wrapper – please note these codes so they can be entered online on behalf of the club to try and collect gear or equipment.Naomh Colmcille CLG would like to extend sympathy to the family and friends of the late James Boyle, Carrowen, Burt. Ar dheis De go raibh a anam.Naomh Colmcille CLG would like to extend sympathy to the family and friends of the late Eileen Wallace, 527 Bonemaine, Bridgend. Ar dheis De go raibh a h-anam. Congratulations to Patrick McGuigan and Julie McKinley on the birth of baby Anna.Congratulations to Andrew and Sharon Clarke on the birth of baby Ùna.Congratulations to Willie Gillespie on his appearance for Donegal on Sunday in the Dr. McKenna cup match against Queens at Ballybofey.Check out the club’s new Facebook page (Naomh Colmcille CLG – Donegal) for latest updates on training, match times etc. Training and Match Schedule.Information here is correct at the time of compilation of the weekly notes. Check the Training Schedule section on the club website for latest updates on training for all age groups. The page will be updated regularly throughout the week. Updates also on the club’s Facebook page.Subscription of €2 per player (up to and including minors) per week for training. Please make sure you bring your full kit (shorts, track bottoms, boots, sports top/hoodie/coat, drink). Remember a mouth guard is needed for training sessions as well as matches.Seniors / Reserves. Players meeting on Thursday 15th. Training resumes Monday 19th.Reminder that the use of mouthguards is now compulsory for all players.Naomh Colmcille Weekly Lotto.This week’s numbers are 7, 8, 9, 17, 22 and the winners are Rose Dowds, Ronan McDaid and Birdy and Teddy who win €25 each. Next week’s jackpot €850.Naomh Colmcille CLG are in need of more lotto sellers. The lotto is the bread and butter of our club. If you don’t drive we can set up on a team with a driver. Please contact Breda Friel (0876393503) if anyone is willing to help. Thanks.The Club would like to take the opportunity to thank everyone for their continued support of the Lotto as it gives the club the essential means of continuing to give our local kids and adults the chance to avail of a great and healthy pastime.GAA NEWS: NAOMH COLMCILLE TO HOST PLAYERS MEETING THIS THURSDAY EVENING was last modified: January 11th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GAANaomh ColmcilleNoticesSport
Science is supposed to be a collective process involving presentation of arguments by many people making reference to observational data. Ideally, no one person’s world view should dominate what other scientists think. Yet in the history of geology, the figure of Charles Lyell has loomed large as a guiding influence. With rare exceptions, his principle that geological phenomena should be explained with reference to current processes at current rates (uniformitarianism) dominated geological practice for over 150 years. Did Lyell “discover” this principle in the data, or impose it on the data? Indications are coming to light that he not only pre-selected uniformitarian thinking as his own guiding principle, but through force of his writings and personal prestige succeeded in marginalizing opposing views. His influence channeled generations of geologists to look at evidence through the lens of “slow and gradual” processes. Geologist Victor R. Baker had little good to say about Lyell in a book review in Nature.1 “Geological history turned upside down” is how he titled his review of a second book on the history of geology by Martin J. S. Rudwick, Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform (University of Chicago Press, 2008). Baker began by stating that “geology also has its own set of attitudes that have accrued during the discipline’s long history.” Attitudes can be taken as synonymous with presuppositions – those ways of looking at the world that precede actual investigation of the facts. Lyell was, of course, preceded by notable figures like Cuvier (a catastrophist who invoked multiple earth-changing events), and gradualists like Comte du Buffon, Werner, Hutton and others who had laid the groundwork for viewing earth history in terms of vast ages of gradual change. Rudwick had discussed these in his prior work, Bursting the Limits of Time (U of Chicago Press, 2005).2 Worlds Before Adam looks at how the ideas generated by Cuvier and others came together with more theoretical concepts between 1820 and 1845. Rudwick’s books are myth-busters, of which writers of introductory geology texts and popularizations should take note. In both volumes he counters the Anglocentric view that James Hutton, William Smith and Charles Lyell were the founders of modern geology who shone their British intellectual light onto the darkness of continental musings. To a large degree, he argues, the reverse was the case. Controversially, Rudwick challenges the view that geology’s development is a story of secular progress.Lyell was a “man of faith” – but one who rejected the Mosaic chronology of Genesis. He believed strongly that geological science should be free to investigate the history of the world apart from the framework of a recent creation and world-wide Flood that a straightforward reading of Genesis indicated. Though a dozen or so “Scriptural geologists” in the late 18th and early 19th centuries defended that view, some of them with equal academic credentials and more field experience, Lyell and his band of academics had little time or interest in hearing them. They were on a program: to advocate a uniformitarian approach to interpretation.If contemporary lists of the greatest scientists feature a geologist at all, it is usually Lyell, a central figure in Worlds Before Adam. Lyell intended the title of his great multi-volume opus Principles of Geology (first published in 1830�1833) to recall Isaac Newton’s Principia. He sought to recast geology on firm foundations, just as Newton had done for physics. Following his geologist contemporaries and predecessors, Lyell used the understanding of present-day causes to interpret the deep past – a principle termed actualism. Rudwick explains that Lyell’s excellent descriptions of current geological processes, embellished with observations from his own geological excursions, derived from an original listing by the eighteenth-century German scholar Karl Ernst Adolf von Hoff. Lyell greatly extended the actualistic method by making pronouncements about how the complex geological processes of the past occurred through the progressive action of small-scale procedures that were still in operation, and by prescribing how geologists should reason about these past processes.So even though Lyell appealed to evidence, the force of his influence was in prescribing how geologists should reason about and interpret what they were seeing. Surprisingly, his view faced strong opposition at the time and only gradually became dominant. It was comparable, Baker said, to the influence of Darwin on biology. Darwin had not proved gradual evolution or common descent, either, but had prescribed how biologists should reason and interpret the evidence through a lens of slow and gradual change. In this, of course, he had been strongly influenced as a young man by Lyell’s own vision. Principles of Geology was among his favorite readings aboard the Beagle. It’s interesting why Lyell initially faced opposition. Notice the contrast between facts and reasoning about the facts:Rudwick shows that Lyell’s ideas met with almost universal criticism. This was not caused by his advocacy of actualism, which was widely used, nor was any serious denunciation forthcoming from the biblical literalists, who were considered anti-scientific by Lyell and by his critics. Instead, the geological facts themselves seemed contrary to Lyell’s vision of uniform action by small-scale processes operating over a long time. Examples include evidence for sudden mass extinctions from records in various ‘bone caves’, the existence of huge blocks sitting erratically out of geological place in the Alps and northern Europe, and deep U-shaped valleys containing streams too small to account for their excavation. Lyell’s critics held that one should inquire into nature through evidence, rather than through privileged reasoning.This excerpt from Baker’s book review underscores two notable points about the history of geology. First, the “biblical literalists” (a term of derision still in use today by Darwinists) were dismissed not on the basis of the strength of their arguments or evidence, but because they were “considered anti-scientific” – i.e., they were marginalized by categorizing them out of science (a strategy still in use today by Darwinists). Second, Lyell’s own contemporaries fought against the principle of applying “privileged reasoning” and argued for inquiry into nature based on evidence. Apparently many of them felt at the time that Lyell failed to respect the evidence when it militated against his world view. The term “actualism” gave way to “uniformitarianism” through the nomenclature of William Whewell, a distinguished philosopher of science (see June 2007 Scientist of the Month), who sought to clarify the debate in a way that would discredit Lyell’s scientific method. It is an irony of subsequent developments in geology, and a testimony to the success of Lyell’s advocacy, that catastrophism came to be regarded as unconventional. This perverted Whewell’s original intention, which was to show that the uniformitarians and Lyell were extreme in thinking that geologists should say in advance how nature works, through slow and uniform processes, before interpreting the evidence.As an example, Baker (reviewing Rudwick) points out that Lyell stuck to his guns even when the evidence was against him. When Louis Agassiz (“perhaps the greatest of the catastrophists”) presented evidence in favor of glacial theory, “Lyell resisted, remaining true to his epistemological project.” Strictly speaking, an “epistemological project” is an agenda. It says, “I am going to advocate for a different definition of knowledge” before going and looking at the evidence. That might be what Baker was referring to in his title, “Geological history turned upside down.” The influence of Lyell pervaded the field of geology from about 1830 till the 1980s, when individual “neo-catastrophists” sought a place at the table. One of the most colorful case studies is that of J Harlan Bretz who argued for the catastrophic creation of the Channeled Scablands of eastern Washington by means of a giant flood. His story is told by a new NOVA program airing this week called Mystery of the Megaflood. Information on the PBS website about this program reveals that this is a story as much about the nature of science as about a geological event. It recalls how Bretz had trouble getting his fellow geologists to “see” data that contradicted their uniformitarian paradigm. Since Bretz’s interpretation required phenomena for which there was no present example, such as powerful underwater vortices (kolks) capable of ripping racetrack-size potholes out of solid rock, they ridiculed his ideas for decades (see PBS article interviewing Vic Baker). Bretz defied the uniformitarian consensus and was eventually vindicated (03/05/2008 commentary). It is now more in vogue to offer catastrophist explanations for things (see 05/22/2003).3 Lyell’s ghost, however, has not been exorcised; it continues making frequent apparitions in the geological literature and popular media.1. Victor R. Baker, “Geological history turned upside down,” Nature 454, 406-407 (24 July 2008) | doi:10.1038/454406b.2. Lyell portrayed his predecessor James Hutton (1726-1797) as the father of uniformitarian geology. This was largely a historical myth propounded by John Playfair, Hutton’s protègè, and by Lyell, who had propaganda needs for an English giant on whose shoulders to build his ideas. Relying heavily on Rudwick’s 2005 book Bursting the Limits of Time, John Reed, writing in the latest Journal of Creation (22:2, 2008), explodes five myths about Hutton: (1) that he was the father of uniformitarian geology (those ideas were common in the 18th century), (2) that Hutton was an empiricist, (3) that Hutton was an objective thinker (he was in fact building a deistic system), (4) that Hutton was a secular martyr (neither religious people nor his fellow savants opposed him), and (5) that Playfair merely clarified Hutton’s hard-to-understand writing style (he actually cut-and-pasted sections to sanitize Hutton’s true beliefs).3. Uniformitarianism does not work for Venus, planetologists confess: see 11/26/2003 and 08/16/2004.As Terry Mortenson documents in his detailed treatise on the Scriptural geologists, The Great Turning Point, the uniformitarian view was an agenda-driven worldview choice, not a requirement of the evidence. Many of the Scriptural geologists were at least as qualified (if not more so) than the long-age advocates who wanted to compromise Christianity with the ancient-earth ideas of Hutton. Lyell himself stated clearly in his letters that his agenda was to divorce geological inquiry from any and all consideration of the Mosaic record in Genesis. He succeeded uniformly with catastrophic results for free inquiry. A perusal of the abstracts from Geology any given month reveals Lyell’s paradigm nearly unchallenged. Article after article is consumed with fitting this or that formation into its presumed place in the billions-of-years geological timescale. The categories, names and dates are never questioned. Out-of-the-box thinking plays second fiddle to keeping the story going. The Scriptural geologists argued that this approach was as doomed as trying to understand the Roman Empire by choosing to study only the monuments of Rome without reading any contemporaneous eyewitness testimony. They had strong scientific justifications for evaluating the evidence within a creation and Flood framework. They argued with scholarship and finesse, showing how the data fit with a global catastrophe as described in the Genesis Flood but did not fit with long ages and gradualism. Flood geology died out around 1840 for reasons Mortenson gives in the conclusion of his book. Among them was the fact that the Scriptural geologists acted alone and did not raise up a school of thought or society that could carry on their work. The uniformitarians won by default and continued through sheer dominance of academia, till Flood geology emerged again (essentially independently from its 1830 predecessor) with the publication of The Genesis Flood by Whitcomb and Morris in 1961. The secular geological societies continue to pay them no attention. True to the Lyell playbook, they label them “anti-science” only to dismiss them. It is apparent from Rudwick’s book that the marginalization of the “biblical literalist” view was an example of a category error in science. Lyell, Sedgwick, Buckland, Phillips and the other uniformitarians who captured 19th-century academic geology departments did not have to listen to the Scriptural geologists, review their books, answer their arguments or evaluate their evidences. Why? Because they had decided, in advance, that the Scriptural geology position was “anti-science.” Sound familiar? That is exactly what the Darwinians do to the creationists today. How convenient it is to rule your opponent out of a debate by definition. “I don’t have to listen to you; you are a fool.” The real fool is often the one calling the other one a fool. Today’s entry fits well with the yesterday’s on philosophy of science. What can science know? Surely it is hard enough interpreting the causal thicket for things that we can observe and repeat in a lab. Geology is a science necessarily historical in nature. Is there any good reason for rejecting historical accounts a priori that speak of processes germane to one’s subject matter? Much less so when the written records show a good fit to the evidence. What the Bible described as a real event fits what we see: billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the earth, to borrow Ken Ham’s pithy phrase. So did Lyell lie a little? In view of his negative influence on geology for 150 years, he lied a lot. He pretended to be promoting objective science but really was imposing his own theological views on geological practice. The Charlie & Charlie Company (Darwin and Lyell) are partners in crime – defining science so as to downplay the priority of evidence. Now that we have seen that Lyell had an agenda, and that his “epistemological project” outran his respect for the evidence, it’s time we toss his ideas overboard and let them experience a little catastrophism up close.(Visited 79 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Nashua PE MD Peter Hearne lends hiscompany’s support to participants in theLargest Ever Bikini Photo Shoot worldrecord attempt, to raise funds for theCancer Association of South Africa.(Image: Full Stop Communications) The EP Kings are running onto the fieldin pink jerseys for the entire month ofOctober, in support of Cancer Month.(Image: Eastern Province Rugby)MEDIA CONTACTS • Coetzee GouwsFull Stop Communications+27 82 575 7991• Laurence FinnClub 100 for Ladies+27 84 507 3175RELATED ARTICLES• New online university to fight cancer• Paddlers in the pink for cancer• Rooibos yoghurt fights cancer• SA scientist leads cancer fightFiona McRaeWhen the women of Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape get down to the bare essentials in an eye-catching Guinness World Record attempt on 23 October, they will be showing not only oodles of flesh but also a collective spirit of caring.The Nashua Largest Ever Bikini Photo Shoot world record attempt will be raising money for the Cancer Association of South Africa (Cansa) and the organisers are hoping that at least 2 000 women will turn up and strip down for this very worthy cause, in what will be the city’s highlight of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.The current bikini photo shoot world record of 1 923 participants was set in the Russian seaside resort of Sochi in July 2008.The title sponsor of this year’s South African attempt, office automation company Nashua, is already well known for its celebration of feminine figures, through its sponsorship of Sports Illustrated magazine’s swimwear edition.When approached by organisers Club 100 for Ladies, Nashua Port Elizabeth MD Peter Hearne did not hesitate to pledge his company’s support to the event.“Everyone has probably had some sort of personal experience with the scourge of cancer, and I’m no exception,” he says.His sentiment is borne out by Cansa statistics showing that one in four South Africans is likely to be affected by the illness at some stage in their lives. Cansa is a national organisation with seven provincial and more than 30 regional offices. In operation since 1931, it ranks among the world’s largest volunteer organisations.The fundraising initiative has also received the support of local telecommunications company Nashua Mobile, which has provided smartphones to allow the organisers of the fun event to get their serious message across.“Cancer touches just about everybody in South Africa at some point in their lives,” says Nashua Mobile’s general manager Edwin Fichardt. “But with the country facing so many social challenges, like HIV/Aids, poverty, hunger and lack of education – all of which deserve attention and awareness – it is easy for the disease to slip under the radar, hence the importance of initiatives such as this.”Life-saving servicesCansa will be the sole beneficiary of the world record attempt which, although held in Breast Cancer Awareness Month, will benefit the fight against all types of cancer, as funds generated will support life-saving services like early detection, awareness-raising and patient care.The exposure gained from the event will also be invaluable in helping to keep the cause of combating cancer firmly in the spotlight, says Cansa regional project facilitator Joan Duarte. According to Duarte, there are 10-million new cancer cases worldwide each year, and 22-million people are living with the disease.She hopes many cancer survivors and their families will take part in the photo shoot. “It is so important for cancer survivors to get involved,” she says. “It gives patients hope if they see there are survivors out there.”This is also the view of the event’s official photographer Liezel Barrow. “I think it would be great if women who have had cancer would come forward and participate,” she says. “It would also be fantastic if younger girls got involved (with parental permission for under-18s) – it is important for them to be aware of cancer and of the need to get themselves checked.”Like Hearne, Barrow has a personal interest in the awareness-raising fundraiser. Her decision to approach the organisers to offer her services and support was more than just professional, it was also deeply personal. She was motivated to get involved by the loss of a close friend to breast cancer at the tragically young age of 25, and by her own brush with cervical cancer.As a woman, she is less likely to be distracted by her scantily-clad subjects than her male counterparts would be. “But this is not about being sexy,” she says. “It’s about supporting a good cause.”And the organisers emphasise that all women – not only the young, fit and firm but of all ages, shapes and sizes – are urged to participate in this celebration of the female form for a worthy cause. Those who feel shy – or cold, should Port Elizabeth live up to its Windy City sobriquet on the day – may cover up with a sarong.Supporting a good causeWhile not able to take part in the record attempt, which is for women only, the province’s rugby franchise, the EP Kings, have also come out in strong support of the initiative, which will be held at their homeground, Port Elizabeth’s magnificent new Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium.The multibillion-rand stadium was built for the 2010 Fifa World Cup games hosted by the city, and was the first of South Africa’s five specially built new soccer stadiums to be completed.The burly rugby players have showed their softer side by playing all their October matches in pink jerseys in support of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.“Cancer affects a lot of people,” says EP Rugby public relations and marketing officer Sakhi Gqeba. “We think there is a great ethos behind this world record attempt. It’s a fun way for people to gain awareness of the disease. We want to ensure the community plays its part in the fight against cancer.”Putting PE on the mapAnd by doing so, the people of Port Elizabeth will also support their city. “A novelty event like this will always attract attention to a destination,” says local tourism expert and consultant Peter Myles. “Like all growing cities, Nelson Mandela Bay needs to project a positive image and high profile. This is what attracts investors.“A bikini shoot is good for promoting our magnificent beaches – and beaches attract more tourists than any other destination attraction.”Port Elizabeth, on South Africa’s east coast, is well known for its beautiful beaches, some of which have earned prestigious Blue Flag status. They are characterised by the warm waters of the Indian Ocean and often-vast expanses of clean white sand, making for a perfect combination of swimming and strolling. Factor in the wind for which the Friendly City is also known and sailing is added to that equation.To find out more about taking part in the Nashua Largest Ever Bikini Photo Shoot world record attempt, visit the website (4cansa.yolasite.com), contact Laurence Finn on +27 84 507 3175 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
South Africa’s National Library Week, ending on 21 March, is being celebrated under the theme #libraries4lifelonglearning. Libraries play an integral role in societies, fostering a culture of learning. The City of Joburg is also pardoning people who have long overdue books, and users have till 31 March to have their fines revoked. With books and newspapers dating back to 1844,the Port Elizabeth Public Library remains vibrant and ready to face the challenges of education in the 21st century by providing opportunities for collaborative learning. (Image: Brand South Africa)• Mandela: a life in books• Mandela’s presidential years to get book treatment• Story of Madiba and Zelda set for the big screen• Ginwala helped shape South Africa’s history Priya PitamberNational Library Week is under way in South Africa and this year’s theme is #libraries4lifelonglearning. Ending on 21 March, observed as Human Rights Day in the country, the theme provides insight into the role of libraries in South African society.“It demonstrates how this fits into the objective of ensuring equitable access to quality information and to social advancement opportunities, thus realising the vision of an informed nation,” said the Department of Arts and Culture, which is in line with South Africa’s National Development Plan (NDP) of education and skills development.“Lifelong learning is a purposeful learning activity undertaken on an ongoing basis with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competencies that includes developing the ability to search for information and actively, and independently create knowledge,” said Arts and Culture Deputy Minister Rejoice Mabudafhasi.Watch these to find out more about National Library Week:Chris Marais, writing for South African Tourism, noted that libraries did more than provide reading materials and serve as information hubs.“South African libraries are custodians of South African knowledge, and (are) essential in preserving the history and identity of the nation. Discover rare collections of books from around the country, as well as periodicals, newspapers and Africana,” he wrote.You’re forgivenIn the spirit of National Library Week, the City of Joburg is also pardoning library users who have racked up fines by not returning books.Granting amnesty for fines linked to overdue books will last till 31 March.“There will be no fines paid and no questions asked,” said Nobuntu Mpendulo, the city’s director of library and information services. “And upon the return of your long-overdue books, your membership could also be reinstated at your request.”Johannesburg has a network of 187 libraries whose sole mandate is to develop an informed and educated nation because, as it says, a “reading nation is a winning nation”.“This is an amnesty for all Joburg residents who have ‘forgotten’ to return library books in time. The City is saying we should let bygones be bygones as we wipe the slate clean and start afresh. So all that needs to happen is for residents to bring back what belongs to the city and all will be forgiven,” said Mpendulo.The beauty of librariesTo commemorate the week, we take a look at some of South Africa’s libraries. The library in Port Elizabeth was officially unveiled in 1902. (Image: South African Tourism, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr) One of the libraries in South Africa’s North West province. (Image: South African Tourism, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr) East London’s library, in Eastern Cape. (mage: South African Tourism, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr) The main library in the economic hub of Joburg. (Image: Brand South Africa Stock photos, GCIS) A smaller library in Cape Town. (Image: Brand South Africa Stock photos)Library Week was first celebrated in May 1998 by the South African Institute of Library and Information Services to promote the culture of reading. In 2003, it was moved to March.The South African Library Week (#SALW) is be observed from 14-21 March under the theme, #libraries4lifelonglearning. pic.twitter.com/19yheno1hz— South African Gov (@GovernmentZA) March 15, 2016SA Library Week starts today! Find your nearest #library here: https://t.co/aZpWaVsLft #libraries4lifelonglearning pic.twitter.com/xLLk0LyvBa— Western Cape Gov (@WesternCapeGov) March 14, 2016