Prolonged bottle-feeding ‘increases obesity risk’

first_imgBabies using a bottle for too long can be consuming too many caloriesBabies who are bottle-fed until the age of two are more likely to be obese when they start school, a US study suggests.Writing in the Journal of Pediatrics, researchers found that children who were still regular bottle users at 24 months were 30% more likely to be obese aged five-and-a-half.They analysed data from nearly 7,000 children across the United States.Experts say bottle-feeding can make babies consume too many calories.The research found 22% of the two-year-olds studied were using a bottle as their main drink container, or were put to bed with a bottle containing a calorie-filled drink.Nearly a quarter of this group were found to be obese aged five, compared with 16% of children who had not been using a bottle at the age of two.Too many caloriesThe study authors, from universities in Ohio and Philadelphia, calculated the odds of obesity for children using a bottle at 24 months as 1.33 times higher than the odds for children not using a bottle.They suggest that parents should be encouraged to stop using a bottle by the child’s first birthday because of the risk of over-feeding.“Prolonged bottle use may lead to the child consuming excess calories, particularly when parents are using the bottle to comfort the child rather than to address the child’s hunger or nutritional needs,” the study paper says.Study co-author Rachel Gooze, from the Centre for Obesity Research and Education at Temple University in Philadelphia, explained: “A 24-month-old girl of average weight and height who is put to bed with an eight-ounce bottle of whole milk would receive approximately 12% of her daily caloric needs from that bottle.”The parents’ charity NCT (National Childbirth Trust) advises that babies should stop using a bottle and change to a cup before 12 months.The Royal College of Midwives agrees. Their professional policy advsior Janet Fyle says that the practices of nutrition in the family determine whether a child is still using a bottle at two years old.“If the child is continuing to use a bottle then the mother may be tempted to put something else in it like a sugary drink or rusk with milk. Then the child gets used to sweet things in their diet,” she said.“Babies should be introduced to a cup or beeker from six months and off a bottle completely by one year.”BBC News 15 Views   no discussions HealthLifestyle Prolonged bottle-feeding ‘increases obesity risk’ by: – May 5, 2011 Share Sharecenter_img Share Tweet Sharing is caring!last_img read more

Football: No. 8 Badgers must contain J.T. Barrett for shot at upsetting Ohio State

first_imgEach player on the University of Wisconsin football team’s defense will be keyed into No. 16 of Ohio State University come Saturday night, when the Badgers welcome the Buckeyes in a premier top 10 matchup.No. 16 is J.T. Barrett, OSU’s stud redshirt junior quarterback. The guy can do it all. Everyone, including the Badgers, knows it. Contain him, and UW’s chances of winning will vastly increase. That is easier said than done, according to redshirt sophomore inside linebacker T.J. Edwards.“I think he’s so good in both passing and with his feet,” Edwards said Wednesday when asked which aspect of Barrett’s game sticks out to him the most.Football: No. 8 Badgers must contain J.T. Barrett for shot at upsetting Ohio StateEach player on the University of Wisconsin football team’s defense will be keyed into No. 16 of Ohio State University Read…In Edwards’ film study of the Irving, Texas native, he noticed Barrett is not only one of the best athletes on the field, but also among the smartest. The way he orchestrates the No. 2 OSU (5-0, 2-0 Big Ten) offense, Edwards said, is impressive.“I think he’s got a really good understanding of what’s going on,” Edwards said.Since the 6-foot-2, 222-pound Barrett poses a significant dual-threat, the No. 8 Badgers (4-1, 0-1) will have to account for his running abilities every drop-back. There’s only so much the defense can concentrate on during practice, Edwards said, so it’s not like they necessarily carve out extra time to practice defending quarterback scrambles.But if the Badger defense stays true to its base schemes, Edwards said, they have confidence they can at least slow Barrett down through the air and on the ground.UW head coach Paul Chryst also pointed out Barrett’s cerebral sense, comparing him to a point guard.“He is a really good one, because everything goes through him,” Chryst said. “He’s got poise. He knows what they’re doing, what they’re trying to affect on each play and he makes really good decisions.”Barrett’s combination of skill and smarts; speed and arm strength, have translated to gaudy numbers on the field. As the Buckeyes’ starter during the 2014 season, he talked himself into the Heisman conversation before breaking his ankle against Michigan during the final regular season game. That meant the Badgers didn’t face him during the 59-0 Big Ten Championship loss. Cardale Jones then led the Buckeyes to the national title after demolishing UW, and the two essentially split quarterback duties last season.With 86 career touchdowns (60 throwing, 26 rushing) Barrett is three scores away from surpassing Ohio State’s all-time career touchdown record, which is currently held by Barrett’s predecessor, Braxton Miller. In 2016, Barrett has led an Ohio State attack that averaged 53.2 points and 531.6 yards per game.Barrett’s last game, against Indiana, saw a downward trend in his passing numbers. He completed just 9 of his 22 passes, with a touchdown and an interception. But on the ground, he carried the ball 26 times for 137 yards and a touchdown.Edwards won’t let that get the Badgers’ hopes up.“It’s going to be a challenge,” he said.last_img read more